Marina Rustow named 2015 MacArthur Fellow

Congratulations to Marina Rustow, author of Heresy and the Politics of Community: The Jews of the Fatimid Caliphate, who has been named a 2015 MacArthur Fellow on the basis of her work with the Cairo Geniza texts. From the MacArthur Foundation’s description of Rustow’s work:

“In Heresy and the Politics of Community: The Jews of the Fatimid Caliphate (2008), Rustow focuses on the period from 909 to 1171 C.E. and upends long-accepted ideas about the relationship between two rival Jewish communities under Fatimid rule. Prior historians, basing their interpretation on literary polemics, had depicted the Rabbanites and Karaites (or Qaraites) of Egypt and Syria as factions bitterly divided by theological difference, the latter branded as heretics and marginalized. Rustow examined nonliterary Geniza documents (such as letters, legal contracts, and state petitions and decrees) and revealed a wealth of social, economic, and political transactions between the two groups. The finding calls into question the depth of the religious schism, suggesting a higher level of tolerance and cooperation than had been assumed.”

Recent Award Winners

Clothing the Clergy: Virtue and Power in Medieval Europe, c. 800–1200 by Maureen C. Miller is the winner of the John Gilmary Shea Prize (American Catholic Historical Association)

Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon by Melani Cammett is the winner of the winner of the Giovanni Sartori Book Award (Qualitative and Multi-Method Research Section of the American Political Science Association) and received Honorable Mention, Gregory Luebbert Best Book Award (Comparative Politics Section of the American Political Science Association)

Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods: International Development and the Making of the Postwar Order by Eric Helleiner is the winner of the Canadian Political Science Association Prize in International Relations

Nobility Lost: French and Canadian Martial Cultures, Indians, and the End of New France by Christian Ayne Crouch is winner of the Mary Alice and Philip Boucher Book Prize (French Colonial Historical Society)

Border Work: Spatial Lives of the State in Rural Central Asia by Madeleine Reeves is the winner of the Joseph Rothschild Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies (Association for the Study of Nationalities)

Constructive Illusions: Misperceiving the Origins of International Cooperation by Eric Grynaviski is the winner of the Robert Jervis and Paul Schroeder Best Book Award (International History and Politics Section, American Political Science Association)

Making and Unmaking Nations: War, Leadership, and Genocide in Modern Africa by Scott Straus is the winner of the Best Book Award (Human Rights Section of the International Studies Association)

Networks of Rebellion: Explaining Insurgent Cohesion and Collapse by Paul Staniland is the winner of the Peter Katzenstein Book Prize

With Sails Whitening Every Sea: Mariners and the Making of an American Maritime Empire by Brian Rouleau is the winner of the James J. Broussard First Book Prize (Society for Historians of the Early American Republic)

The Next Crash: How Short-Term Profit Seeking Trumps Airline Safety by Amy L. Fraher is a Finalist in the Business: General category of the 2014 USA Best Book Awards (USA Book News)

The Politics of Non-state Social Welfare, edited by Melani C. Cammett and Lauren M. MacLean received Honorable Mention, Virginia Hodgkinson Research Prize (Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action)

The Baron’s Cloak: A History of the Russian Empire in War and Revolution by Willard Sunderland received honorable mention for the Joseph Rothschild Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies (Association for the Study of Nationalities)

The American Way of Bombing Reviewed in H-Diplo

Mark J. Conversino reviews The American Way of Bombing: Changing Ethical and Legal Norms, from Flying Fortresses to Drones, edited by Matthew Evangelista and Henry Shue in the August 2015 edition of H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews. Here’s an excerpt:

The American Way of Bombing: Changing Ethical and Legal Norms, From Flying Fortresses to Drones, edited by Matthew Evangelista and Henry Shue, brings together an array of historians, practitioners, and legal experts from both the military and civilian worlds. Overall, the volume is balanced and the authors engage with logic and consistency. This collection is a vital resource for military professionals, policymakers, and scholars alike. Unfortunately, the challenges of norm-setting in aerial warfare chronicled here are far from over and likely to become even more contentious in light of ongoing military and counterterrorist operations across the globe and in the face of rapid technological change.”—Mark J. Conversino, H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews